Logic Presents its Themes (Gregor Reisch, 1503?) Two dogs veritas (truth) and falsitas (falsehood) chase a rabbit called problema. Logic runs behind the dogs, armed with the sword syllogismus. In the bottom left corner, the philosopher Parmenides can be seen in a cave.
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There are several highways to belief: faith and Revelation; Rational Inquiry, which would include deductive logic and modes appropriate for scientific inquiry—inductive reasoning (from observations to generalization), abductive reasoning (inference to the best explanation), retroductive reasoning (use of models to explain observations).    These roads to knowing are analyzed in this Essay. I also discuss “How Science Works” (with some historical case studies) and the Limits of Science—why science can’t explain everything.   Here’s ESSAY 2.