If we want to understand the relation between what science tells us about the world and Catholic teaching we must first see how the Church has dealt with science. As my wife, a student of medieval history, would put it: “History tells you most of what you need to know about a subject.
Optics Sketch from Roger Bacon’s Notebook (Late 13th Century) from Wikimedia Commons

The history of science alone can keep the physicist from the mad ambitions of dogmatism as well as the despair of pyrrhonian scepticism.”
Pierre Duhem, “The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory”

Here’s the link to Essay 1: The Catholic Church: Midwife and Nursemaid to Science

Optics Sketch from Roger Bacon’s notebook, 13th Century
From Wikimedia Commons